Canadian plane maker Bombardier Inc won a major US case on Friday, which government officials said showed the importance of free trade at a time when talks to modernize the NAFTA pact are moving slowly. A US tribunal unexpectedly dismissed a complaint by Boeing Co against alleged dumping by Bombardier in the case of 75 jets it sold to Delta. The ruling allows the Canadian firm to pursue other orders in the lucrative US market.
“Canada-United States trade is important to the prosperity of both our countries. This decision will support well-paying middle-class jobs on both sides of the border,” Canadian Foreign Minister Chrystia Freeland said in a statement. The United States, which has taken a more isolationist stance under President Donald Trump, wants big changes to the trilateral North American Free Trade Agreement.
Jerry Dias, the head of a union which represents some Bombardier workers, told reporters the ruling represented “a slap across the face of the Trump administration” because it showed that taking protectionist stances at a time when the two nations’ economies are so tightly linked was “foolish.” He spoke in Montreal, where teams from the United States, Canada and Mexico have gathered for the sixth of seven planned rounds on how to revamp the 1994 pact.
Progress is slow, prompting Mexico to suggest the talks could be extended to give officials more time to address disagreements threatening to undermine the $1.2 trillion treaty. Dias, who speaks regularly to chief Canadian negotiator Steve Verheul, said the talks were going nowhere, thanks to a series of contentious US proposals. As the negotiations grind on, officials are looking at an extra round in Mexico at the end of February, according to sources close to the process.
Although the process was initially scheduled to finish by the end of March to avoid clashing with Mexican presidential elections in July, Economy Minister Ildefonso Guajardo said the timeline could be extended. “This negotiation has a window of opportunity to reach a deal between February and the end of July,” he told Reuters. Canada, which this week presented a series of suggestions on how to unfreeze the talks, quickly welcomed the idea.
A Mexican source briefed on the talks said once the election campaign has started, negotiators could still continue their work but without holding formal rounds. Mexican deputy economy minister Juan Carlos Baker hit back at the idea that progress was slow. “I would dispute the notion that talks are not moving forward, or have not progressed, or are in any way, shape or form swamped,” said Baker, adding that he was “optimistic” that the results from the round would please ministers from the three nations when they meet on Monday to review the week’s work.
The three nations are now looking at an extra week of talks in Mexico, possibly starting Feb 26, ahead of the last round in Washington at the end of March, said the sources. Whether more talks can help forge an agreement is unclear, given the gulf between the United States and its two partners.
The Trump administration, which blames NAFTA for hurting U.S. manufacturing, wants the North American content of autos to be raised. Canada responded by suggesting that content would be higher if the value of software and other high-tech materials made by the three nations were taken into account.
An auto industry source said US and Mexican negotiators found the idea interesting but gave no details. Canadian chief negotiator Steve Verheul said on Thursday “there is a lot more thinking” to do about the idea.